Errata, Solutions to Selected Problems and Exam Tips

Having trouble with some questions in the any of the Exam Preparation Guides? Click on the name of your Exam Preparation Guide on the support menu to check out Common Solutions, Errata and Exam Hints & Info.

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Important Changes

Errata / Omissions

Fatigue Management Rules - CAR changes


The regulations around flight duty times and fatigue management have changed in December 2020, and since the Sharper Edge Solutions 2021 editions were released in September 2020 they also do not capture these latest regulations. Note that both the Commercial Pilot License and Airline Transport License study and reference guides have also not been updated to reflect the regulatory changes. Consult your local flight school and local Transport Canada office to find out if the exams in your region are updated to include the new fatigue management rules.

Errata / Omissions

CARs now require 12 hour since your last alcoholic drink


The regulations about alcohol and drugs that relate to crew members (CAR 602.03) were updated in December 2018. The old rule requiring 8 hours between consuming an alcoholic drink and flying have changed - the rule now requires 12 hours between drinking alcohol and acting as a crew member of an aircraft.
CAR 602.03 Alcohol or Drugs - Crew Members

Exam Hints & Info

No more VOTs, but they are still tested in the TC exams


The VOR Test Facility (VOT) is no longer used. In fact, there haven't been any operating in Canada for several years and all description of them has been removed from the TC AIM. However, Transport Canada is still testing VOTs in the exams so take a few minutes to review the notes and attempt the questions which are provided at the following page, VOT notes and questions.

Exam Hints & Info

RE (recent) code removed from METARs


As of Nov 14, 2013, the code for recent activity (RE) will no longer be used in METARs or SPECIs as it is deemed redundant. If recent weather is important then a SPECI will be issued, rather than waiting until the next METAR and adding the RE code.