STARs Briefing Notes are now available. Check the support page for the notes on the Instrument Rating and Airline Transport Rating support pages.


Errata, Solutions to Selected Problems and Exam Tips

Having trouble with some questions in the any of the Exam Preparation Guides? Click on the name of your Exam Preparation Guide on the support menu to check out Common Solutions, Errata and Exam Hints & Info.

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Important Changes

Exam Hints & Info

ADS-B Out Briefing Notes

ADS-B Out is now required in Class A airspace (as of Aug 10, 2023) and will be required in Class B airspace from May 16, 2024. Transport Canada is now testing your knowledge of the ADS-B system in the written exams. Please review the ADS-B Out Briefing Notes that are linked below:

ADS-B Out Briefing Notes (PDF, 120 KB)

Exam Hints & Info

No more VHF Direction Finding (VDF) equipment

The VHF Direction Finding (VDF) equipment was officially decommissioned in October 2021 and are no longer used within Canada. All description of them has been removed from the TC AIM.

Errata / Omissions

Fatigue Management Rules - CAR changes

The regulations around flight duty times and fatigue management have changed in December 2020, and since the Sharper Edge Solutions 2021 editions were released in September 2020 they also do not capture these latest regulations. Note that both the Commercial Pilot License and Airline Transport License study and reference guides have also not been updated to reflect the regulatory changes. Consult your local flight school and local Transport Canada office to find out if the exams in your region are updated to include the new fatigue management rules.

Errata / Omissions

CARs now require 12 hour since your last alcoholic drink

The regulations about alcohol and drugs that relate to crew members (CAR 602.03) were updated in December 2018. The old rule requiring 8 hours between consuming an alcoholic drink and flying have changed - the rule now requires 12 hours between drinking alcohol and acting as a crew member of an aircraft. CAR 602.03 Alcohol or Drugs - Crew Members

Exam Preparation Guides