Airline Transport Pilot - Support
Below we provide solutions, errata, omissions, exam hints & solutions. Please use the filter buttons to find the information relavent to your exam preparation guide year.
We do not provide solutions to every question - only those that students find consistently challenging.
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CARs now require 12 hour since your last alcoholic drink2019
The regulations about alcohol and drugs that relate to crew members (CAR 602.03) were updated in December 2018. The old rule requiring 8 hours between consuming an alcoholic drink and flying have changed - the rule now requires 12 hours between drinking alcohol and acting as a crew member of an aircraft.
It is not likely that the Transport Canada exams have been updated yet to reflect this change, but the regulations have changed and the exams will be updated eventually.
CAR 602.03 Alcohol or Drugs - Crew Members
Section 8.2 - Meteorology, Question 902019
Answer (b) has been revised to say:
b) To be flying clear of cloud with a layer approximately 15,000’ below your cruising altitude
Section 3 - Meteorology2019
Meteorology Question 1 Solution (PDF, 29 KB)
Section 4 - Instruments2019
Section 7 - Flight Operations2019
Flight Operations Pressurization Questions 19 & 29 Solutions (PDF, 10 KB)
Weight and Balance Problems
Refer to the following files for solutions to the weight and balance exercise from questions 30 to 36.
Flight Operations Weight & Balance Questions 30 to 33 Solutions (PDF, 66 KB)
Flight Operations Weight & Balance Question 34 Solution (PDF, 103 KB)
Flight Operations Weight & Balance Questions 35 Solution (PDF, 33 KB)
Flight Operations Weight & Balance Questions 36 Solution (PDF, 67 KB)
Instruments Question 4 Solution (PDF, 40 KB)
Airline Transport Pilot Exam Prep. Guide 20192019
All errata from the previous editions have been corrected in the 2019 edition.
Air Law - Question 1062019
The question and answers for Air Law Question 106, regarding fuel requirements and the requirement to file an alternate when operating in an airline operation, has been corrected. Refer to the question linked here: 2019 ATPL Air Law Q106 (PDF, 69 KB)
The answer key for this question has also been updated. The correct answer is (d)
Airline Transport Pilot Exam Prep. Guide 20182018
All errata from the previous editions have been corrected in the 2018 edition.
Air Law - Section 1.1.1 Class 1 Medical2018
The rules for the validity period of the Class 1 Medical have changed. The new rules are as follows:
- Under 40 years old the Class 1 is valid for 12 months.
- If you are 40 or older AND flying in a single pilot operation with passengers on board then the Class 1 is valid for 6 months.
- Also, if you are 60 or older then the Class 1 is valid for 6 months.
The ECG requirements have also changed. Now, an ECG needs to have been done:
- Prior to the first issue of a Class 1 Medical Certificate.
- Within 24 months prior to the medical examination when between 30 and 40 years old
- Within 12 months prior to the medical examination after 40 years old
Have a look at CAR CAR 404.04 for details.
Air Law - Section 1.1.6 Maintaining the Validity of your License2018
The rules for the renewing your instrument rating have changed. The instrument rating no longer expires after 24 months, so you don't ever have to re-write the INRAT exam again. However, to maintain the ability to exercise the priveleges of the instrument rating you must have completed an Instrument Proficiency Check (IPC), which is essentially just a flight test, within the 24 months prior to your flight.
Note that while the regulations themselves have not yet changed, the Minister of Transport issued a global exemption to CAR 401.48. You can see the regulations, global exemption document and the Advisory Circular (AC) at the links below:
Air Law - Section 1.1.7 Minimum Visibility Requirements for VFR Flight2018
The weather requirements tables for flying in uncontrolled airspace were reversed by accident. The "Above 1,000' AGL" table is actually the minimums for flight below 1,000' AGL, while the "Below 1,000' AGL" table is actually the minimums for flight above 1,000' AGL. The correct weather minima for uncontrolled airspace are shown below:
Section 5.2, Question 23 / Appendix D6, Instruments Question 232018
The correct answer is b)
Section 188.8.131.52, Upper Air Analysis Charts2018
The wind strength for two long barbs should be 20 to 24 knots. Refer to the Station Model Wind Barb diagram below:
General Exam Information2017
The Transport Canada Study and Reference Guide for the ATPL exams lists Human Factors for the SARON exam and not for the SAMRA exam, but the feedback that we received from students who have written the ATPL exams is that Human Factors questions do come up in the SAMRA exam quite often.
Human Factors is considered such an important topic that you should know the material anyway and be prepared for Human Factors questions on every exam.
A similar situation occurs where the SARON lists "General Navigation", while the SAMRA lists "Radio Aids to Navigation". In reality there is a lot of common information between General Navigation and Radio Aids to Navigation, so you can expect both types of questions in the SARON as well as the SAMRA exams.
No more VOTs, but they are still tested in the TC exams2015.07.19
The VOR Test Facility (VOT) is no longer used. In fact, there haven't been any operating in Canada for several years and all description of them has been removed from the TC AIM. However, Transport Canada is still testing VOTs in the exams so take a few minutes to review the notes and attempt the questions which are provided at the following page, VOT notes and questions.
RE (recent) code removed from METARs2013.11.14
As of Nov 14, 2013, the code for recent activity (RE) will no longer be used in METARs or SPECIs as it is deemed redundant. If recent weather is important then a SPECI will be issued, rather than waiting until the next METAR and adding the RE code.