Private Pilot - Support

Below we provide solutions, errata, omissions, exam hints & solutions. Please use the filter buttons to find the information relavent to your exam preparation guide year.

We do not provide solutions to every question - only those that students find consistently challenging.

If you have a question please let us know on our contact page.


Errata / Omissions

Section 1 - Air Law; Question 41


For a Category 3 medical over the age of 40, an ECG is required within the last 4 years. The correct answer (a) should read as follows:

"It is required at the first examination after the applicant has attained the age of 40 years and within 4 years of every medical thereafter"

Exam Hints & Info

CARs now require 12 hour since your last alcoholic drink


The regulations about alcohol and drugs that relate to crew members (CAR 602.03) were updated in December 2018. The old rule requiring 8 hours between consuming an alcoholic drink and flying have changed - the rule now requires 12 hours between drinking alcohol and acting as a crew member of an aircraft.

It is not likely that the Transport Canada exams have been updated yet to reflect this change, but the regulations have changed and the exams will be updated eventually.
CAR 602.03 Alcohol or Drugs - Crew Members

Errata / Omissions

Private Pilot Licence Exam Prep. Guide 2019


All errata from the previous editions have been corrected in the 2019 edition.

Errata / Omissions

Section, Graphic Area Forecasts (GFAs)


The abbreviation to describe the spatial coverage of convective clouds and showers between 26 and 50% coverage has been corrected to "OCNL", which stands for "Occasional"

Graphic Area Forecasts - Convective Weather Spatial Coverage
Errata / Omissions

Private Pilot Licence Exam Prep. Guide 2018


All errata from the previous editions have been corrected in the 2018 edition.

Errata / Omissions

Section, Surface Analysis Charts


The wind strength for two long barbs should be 20 to 24 knots. Refer to the Station Model Wind Barb diagram below:

Surface Analysis Chart - Station Model Winds
Exam Hints & Info

Use of aeroplane performance charts in the Transport Canada exams


Some aeroplanes only publish landing performance data for maximum gross weight. When operating below maximum gross weight, using the maximum gross weight landing distance chart will give longer distances than you will be able to achieve in actual operations, and is the conservative and safe way of planning your landing performance.

It can be confusing during the written exam where the scenario clearly provides an aircraft below maximum gross weight, but there are only performance charts for operations at gross weight. In this case, you are not allowed to extrapolate outside of the information given in the chart and you must answer the exam question with the gross weight landing distance.

Errata / Omissions

Section 3 - Navigation, Question 8


The correct answer is (d)
  d) 1,200 feet

Exam Hints & Info

No more VOTs, but they are still tested in the TC exams


The VOR Test Facility (VOT) is no longer used. In fact, there haven't been any operating in Canada for several years and all description of them has been removed from the TC AIM. However, Transport Canada is still testing VOTs in the exams so take a few minutes to review the notes and attempt the questions which are provided at the following page, VOT notes and questions.

Exam Hints & Info

RE (recent) code removed from METARs


As of Nov 14, 2013, the code for recent activity (RE) will no longer be used in METARs or SPECIs as it is deemed redundant. If recent weather is important then a SPECI will be issued, rather than waiting until the next METAR and adding the RE code.


Section 3 - Navigation

2010 & 2012

Navigation Question 85 Solution (PDF, 68 Kb)
Navigation Question 25 Solution (PDF, 106 Kb)